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Hartlepool Town Wall: dating from the late 14th century, the limestone wall once enclosed the whole of the medieval town.
The ancient houses overlook the entrance to Victoria Docks, which can be seen in the background.
The 8th Century Northumbrian chronicler Bede referred to the spot on which today's town is sited upon as "the place where deer come to drink", and in this period the Headland was named by the Angles as Heruteu (Stag Island).
A severe decline in heavy industries and shipbuilding following the Second World War caused periods of high unemployment until the 1990s when major investment projects and the redevelopment of the docks area into a marina saw a rise in the town's prospects.
During the Crimean War two coastal batteries were constructed close together in the town to guard against the threat of seaborne attacks from the Imperial Russian Navy, they were entitled the Lighthouse Battery (1855) and the Heugh Battery (1859).
Hartlepool in the 18th Century became known as a town with medicinal springs, particularly the Chalybeate Spa near the Westgate.
Angered, King Edward I confiscated the title to Hartlepool, and began to improve the town's military defences in expectation of war.
In the late 15th Century a pier was constructed to assist in the harbour's workload.